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Titanium is named for the Titans, sons of the Greek gods. Titanium, when pure, is a lustrous, grayish white metal. It has a low density, good strength, is easily fabricated, and has excellent corrosion resistance. It is mainly used in jewelry as an accent metal in Men's jewelry. Its inertness and ability to be attractively colored also make it a popular metal for use in body piercing. Most titanium is used for aircraft and missiles where lightweight strength and ability to withstand extremes of temperature are important. Titanium is as strong as steel, but 45% lighter. It is 60% heavier than aluminum, but twice as strong. It is the ninth-most abundant element in the Earth's crust. Titanium was discovered at Creed, Cornwall, in England by amateur geologist Reverend William Gregor in 1791.
Significant titanium ore deposits exist in Australia, Scandinavia, North America, Africa and Malaysia.
Physical Properties of Titanium
Melting point: 1933 degrees K
Crystal System: hexagonal
Hardness: 6.0 Mohs'
Specific Gravity: 4.5
Color: silver gray white metallic